Diseases of the Kidneys Fluids and Electrolytes

Diseases of the Kidneys Fluids and Electrolytes
Diseases of the Kidneys Fluids and Electrolytes
1. All of the following substances are added to the urine bymeans of tubular secretion EXCEPT
A. potassium
B. hydrogen ion C. penicillin D. urea
E. creatinine
681. Regarding nephroblastoma (Wilms’ tumor)
A. no treatment is available
B. it occurs largely in adults C. it usually presents as distant metastasis D. it is often associated with hypertension
E. it has the best prognosis in older patients
682. Acute glomerulonephritis may follow infection with
A. type 12 group B cv-hemolytic streptococci
B. group A staphylococci C. group A of-hemolytic streptococci D. rickettsialpox
E. Escherichia coli urinary tract sepsis
210
Diseases of the Kidneys —Fluids and Electrolytes 211
683. Which of the following urinary findings is most characteristic of acute glomerulonephritis?
\. Proteinuria
B. Microhematuria
C. Granular casts
I). Erythrocyte casts
E. Hyaline casts
684. Alter recovery from acute nephritis, prophylactic therap) should include A. nothing
B. penicillin G by mouth
C. benzathine penicillin G intramuscularly
I), tetracycline
E. sulfonamides
6X5. In the obligatory diuresis following relief of urinar) obstruction, the urine is A. dilute and alkaline
B. low in sodium
(‘. concentrated
I), acid
E. none of the above
656. Chronic phenacetin ingestion may lead to A. glomerulosclerosis
B. papillary necrosis C. cortical necrosis
1). tubular necrosis
E. nephrolithiasis 657. Renal vein thrombosis ma\ be caused b\ all of the follow inn EXCEPT
A. hypernephroma
B. periarteritis C. severe dehydration
I), abdominal injurs E. glomerulonephritis
212 / Diseases of the Kidneys—Fluids and Electrolytes
688. Acute glomerulonephritis may be mimicked by all of the fol- lowing EXCEPT
A. periarteritis nodosa
B. allergic purpura
C. subacute bacterial endocarditis D. pyelonephritis
E. lupus erythematosus
689. Characteristics of lipoid nephrosis include A. a normal basement membrane
B. diagnosis by light microscope
C. rare occurrence in children D. excretion of small molecular-weight proteins
E. hypertension usually
690. The nephrotic syndrome is characterized by all of the following signs EXCEPT
A. edema
B. proteinuria C. hypoalbuminemia
D. hyperlipemia
E. hypertension
691. The nephrotic syndrome can be caused by all of the follow- ing EXCEPT
A. pyelonephritis
B. amyloidosis
C. periarteritis nodosa
D. poison ivy E. renal vein thrombosis
692. Malignant hypertension may occur during the course of all the following EXCEPT
A. pyelonephritis
B. amyloidosis
C. periarteritis nodosa
D. primary nephrosclerosis
E. pheochromocytoma
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