Hapsburg Territory After the end of the war in 1648

Hapsburg Territory After the end of the war in 1648
Hapsburg Territory After the end of the war in 1648
1. What was the source of the spark that began the Thirty Years’ War?
(A) rival claims to the throne of Bohemia
(B) tension between the Lutheran aristocracy and the Catholic
bureaucracy
(C) an armed invasion from Sweden
(D) a series of new laws revoking the privileges and rights of Protestants
(E) a declaration of French support for the Protestant side in the war
2. What was France’s main motive for entering the Thirty Years’ War?
(A) to come to the aid of a fellow Catholic nation
(B) to cement an alliance with the rising nation-state of Russia
(C) to undermine the power and position of the Holy Roman Empire
(D) to expand its own territorial borders
(E) to prevent a possible alliance between Spain and the Holy Roman
Empire
3. Which nation briefly became a major European power during the
Thirty Years’ War?
(A) Belgium
(B) England
(C) France
(D) Spain
(E) Sweden
4. The Peace of Westphalia signed at the end of the Thirty Years’ War
contained all these provisions EXCEPT
(A) it decreed that no Catholic could be chosen Holy Roman Emperor
(B) it gave valuable territories to France and Sweden
(C) it created a unified Austrian empire
(D) it made Prussia an independent state within the Holy Roman Empire
(E) it overturned a ban on Protestantism within the Holy Roman Empire
22 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 European History Questions
5. Which nation emerged from the Thirty Years’ War as the dominant
European power?
(A) Austria
(B) England
(C) France
(D) the Holy Roman Empire
(E) Spain
6. The Peace of Westphalia marked the first time in European history
that national leaders agreed together on
(A) religious tolerance
(B) maintaining a balance of power
(C) the creation of an international peacekeeping organization
(D) the payment of reparations by the aggressor nation
(E) an international war-crimes tribunal
7. The Thirty Years’ War saw the deployment of all these military innovations,
gradually arrived at over the course of the 16th century, EXCEPT
(A) the use of bronze artillery (cannon)
(B) the increased reliance on infantry
(C) the increased mobility of the armies
(D) the development of cast-iron guns
(E) the deployment of greater numbers of soldiers
8. When Ferdinand became king of Bohemia and revoked the Letter
of Majesty, he provoked a violent uprising led by
(A) the students, artists, and intellectuals
(B) the Lutheran landed gentry
(C) the Catholic bureaucracy
(D) the elected legislature
(E) the common people
9. Spain was unable to aid its allies in the Holy Roman Empire for all
these reasons EXCEPT
(A) Spanish troops were fully occupied in fighting the French
(B) the Spanish army was too far from its sources of supply
(C) Spain had sent the bulk of its troops to the Americas
(D) the Spanish government was distracted by uprisings at home
(E) Spain had never recovered financially or militarily from the defeat
of the Armada
Absolute Monarchy in Early Modern Europe ❮ 23
10. Which best describes the Hapsburg territory after the end of the war
in 1648?
(A) largely Catholic
(B) largely Lutheran
(C) largely Calvinist
(D) religiously diverse
(E) religiously tolerant
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