Nineteenth-Century Political Movements and Revolutions

Nineteenth-Century Political Movements and Revolutions
Nineteenth-Century Political Movements and Revolutions
1. All of the following happened as direct results of the Austrian uprisings
of 1848 EXCEPT
(A) the dismissal of chief minister Klemens von Metternich from office
(B) the opening of a popularly elected Viennese Reichstag (parliament)
(C) the passage of a new, liberal constitution
(D) the emancipation of all peasants throughout the empire
(E) the replacement of Emperor Ferdinand I with his nephew Francis
2. Czar Nicholas I presided over all the following major reforms EXCEPT
(A) the creation of a new civil and criminal law code
(B) the reform of domestic financial policies
(C) the granting of local self-government to peasant villages
(D) a crackdown on certain privileges of the nobility
(E) the elimination of censorship of the press and the arts
3. The Crimean War involved all of the following issues EXCEPT
(A) Ottoman Turkish attempts to expand into Europe by marching
on Vienna
(B) France’s insistence on recovering control over certain holy sites
in Palestine
(C) Austrian objections to a Russian invasion of Turkey through
the Balkans
(D) British willingness to support the Ottoman Turks if war broke out
(E) Russian desire to take over Ottoman territory along the Danube
4. Which best describes the goal of the Decembrist revolutionaries in Russia?
(A) political reform
(B) religious reform
(C) social reform
(D) bureaucratic reform
(E) agricultural reform
5. In which of the following aspects of 19th-century Austrian affairs did
the Rothschild family play a major role?
(A) in the military
(B) in finance and industry
(C) in education
(D) in the civil service
(E) in the Church
The Era of Political and Intellectual Revolution ❮ 61
6. Which of the following staged an unsuccessful rebellion against Czar
Nicholas I in 1830–1831?
(A) Austria
(B) Greece
(C) Poland
(D) the Russian workers
(E) the Russian peasants
7. In the era leading up to the 1905 revolution, the Russian government
had none of the following EXCEPT
(A) legitimate, organized political parties
(B) a criminal and civil law code
(C) the right to vote in national elections
(D) recognized trade unions or workers’ associations
(E) a representative legislature
8. Which of the following proved to be an explosive force in the Austrian
Empire in the 1840s?
(A) liberalism
(B) conservatism
(C) nationalism
(D) Socialism
(E) Marxism
Nineteenth-Century Political Movements and Revolutions
9. Which best defines the Romantic movement in literature and the arts?
(A) It emphasized the individual personality of the artist.
(B) It celebrated content rather than form.
(C) It emphasized romantic love as the favorite topic.
(D) It encouraged creativity within fixed literary, artistic, and musical
(E) It was heavily if not primarily a German cultural phenomenon.
0. The primary cause of the political turmoil that characterized 19th-century
France was
(A) its lack of a written constitution
(B) its lack of competent monarchs
(C) disagreement among political parties and factions
(D) French defeat in the war with Prussia
(E) the closing of the national workshops
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