Order Learning and Memory Discussion

Order Learning and Memory Discussion
Order Learning and Memory Discussion
1. Which of these conditions is NOT a product of learning?
(A) Conditioned stimulus
(B) Conditioned response
(C) Unconditioned response
(D) Habituation
(E) Learned helplessness
2. In Pavlov’s famous study on classical conditioning, which factor
was the conditioned stimulus (CS)?
(A) Salivation
(B) Bell
(C) Meat powder
(D) The dogs
(E) Any food
3. Mr. Goodman attempts to keep squirrels away by placing chemicals
on the trees that make the squirrels sick. The squirrels are noticeably
avoiding his yard after two weeks. What are the US, CS, and CR
in this scenario?
(A) The chemical; Mr. Goodman’s trees; squirrels avoiding the trees
(B) Mr. Goodman’s trees; the chemical; squirrels avoiding the trees
(C) Squirrels avoiding the trees; Mr. Goodman’s trees; the chemical
(D) The chemical; squirrels avoiding the trees; Mr. Goodman’s trees
(E) Mr. Goodman’s trees; squirrels avoiding the trees; the chemical
CHAPTER 4
30 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Psychology Questions
4. Jason flies a great deal for work. Last year he had to fly while sick with
the stomach flu. Now each time he gets on a plane he feels nauseous.
What has a plane become for Jason?
(A) Conditioned stimulus
(B) Conditioned response
(C) Unconditioned stimulus
(D) Unconditioned response
(E) Extinction
5. In the case of Little Albert, an infant was presented with a rat. As the child
reached for the rat, a researcher struck a steel bar making a loud, shocking
noise. This was repeated numerous times. The child then showed fear
when he saw the rat and fear of other similar animals. In this case, which
factor is the unconditioned stimulus (US)?
(A) The rat
(B) The loud noise
(C) Fear
(D) Similar animals
(E) The child
6. Margo spent her summers at the town pool, where a group of kids
continuously bullied her. She found herself crying in the bathroom and
feeling sad. Now, as an adult, Margo is fearful of pools. She finds herself
sweating, crying, dizzy, and quite uncomfortable at the sight or thought
of a pool. She refuses to go to pools. It is possible, that through classical
conditioning, Margo has developed which condition?
(A) Aversion
(B) Phobia
(C) Extinction
(D) Personality disorder
(E) Blocking effect
Learning and Memory ❮ 31
117. Which of the following describes spontaneous recovery?
(A) After extinction, the conditioned stimulus is presented with the
unconditioned stimulus and a small conditioned response occurs.
(B) After extinction, the unconditioned stimulus continues to evoke
the conditioned response.
(C) After extinction, the conditioned stimulus is presented without the
unconditioned stimulus and a small conditioned response occurs.
(D) During extinction, the conditioned stimulus is presented without
the unconditioned stimulus and no response occurs.
(E) During extinction, the unconditioned stimulus is presented without
the conditioned stimulus and a small conditioned response occurs.
118. A patient at a psychiatric clinic is being treated for his fear of bridges.
He has made a hierarchy of his fears related to bridges and is learning to
manage his fear and relax at the bottom of the hierarchy first. Which type
of treatment is the patient likely participating in?
(A) Psychopharmacology
(B) Cognitive behavioral therapy
(C) Systematic desensitization
(D) Flooding
(E) Meditation
119. Kerri will no longer eat shrimp. Many years ago she became quite ill after
eating shrimp. When she sees or smells shrimp, Kerri gets immediately
queasy. Which classical conditioning concept is happening for Kerri?
(A) Food aversion
(B) Taste aversion
(C) Habituation
(D) Second-order conditioning
(E) Spontaneous recovery
120. Which of the following describes the conditions needed for extinction
to occur?
(A) The conditioned stimulus is presented repeatedly without the
unconditioned stimulus.
(B) The unconditioned stimulus is presented repeatedly without the
conditioned stimulus.
(C) The conditioned stimulus produces a changed conditioned response.
(D) The unconditioned stimulus is paired with a different conditioned
stimulus.
(E) The conditioned stimulus produces the same conditioned response.
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