Order Philosophy and Reasoning Assignment

Order Philosophy and Reasoning Assignment
Order Philosophy and Reasoning Assignment
1. Which of the following is a philosophical question?
(A) When did the universe begin to exist?
(B) Who shot John F. Kennedy?
(C) How do plants undergo photosynthesis?
(D) What do most people mean by the term marriage?
(E) Are children obligated to support their parents through old age?
2. Which of the following is a philosophical question?
(A) How does ice form?
(B) Is free will real or illusory?
(C) Does matter affect the nature of space?
(D) Why do people behave a certain way in groups?
(E) What is the most easily preventable and widespread disease?
3. Which of the following is NOT a philosophical question?
(A) What is the optimal minimum wage?
(B) Who should decide whether people are fit enough to be parents?
(C) Under what conditions could someone be said to know something?
(D) Can something begin to exist at two different times?
(E) Does time exist independently of our perception of it?
4. What makes philosophy a universally applicable discipline?
(A) It is very easy.
(B) It costs nothing.
(C) It is related to many other disciplines.
(D) It deals with issues about which anyone can ask.
(E) It requires no education.
CHAPTER 1
2 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
5. Why do philosophers pay careful attention to the principles they commit
themselves to?
(A) Because philosophers like to be as moral as possible
(B) So that their arguments can be as plausible as possible
(C) So that they can argue to the conclusions they want
(D) So that they can remain consistent
(E) To avoid having to change their minds
6. Which of the following must one do when one has made a commitment
to a principle?
(A) Have a good argument
(B) Have a valid argument
(C) Apply the principle wherever it is applicable
(D) Believe in a principle that most people believe in
(E) Further the common good
7. Which of the following is an ethical question?
(A) Is the death penalty a just punishment?
(B) When does an embryo’s heart begin beating?
(C) How did morality differ three generations ago?
(D) What are the effects of life imprisonment on a person?
(E) How much does morality differ between cultures?
8. Which of the following is an epistemological question?
(A) How do young children learn so quickly?
(B) How many languages is it possible to learn?
(C) What is the best way to teach mathematics?
(D) Why do humans want to learn so much about outer space?
(E) What part does evidence play in establishing knowledge?
9. Which of the following is a metaphysical question?
(A) Why do children make up imaginary friends?
(B) Do colors exist in the world or only in our perception?
(C) How many stars are there in the galaxy?
(D) How many kinds of grass exist?
(E) What makes bamboo grow so quickly?
Philosophy and Reasoning ❮ 3
10. Normative ethics is the subdiscipline within ethics that is concerned
with .
(A) the nature of ethical facts
(B) the nature of moral knowledge
(C) what is most important in life
(D) requirements for right conduct in general
(E) the right approach to particular ethical issues
11. Applied ethics is the subdiscipline within ethics that is concerned
with .
(A) the nature of ethical facts
(B) various kinds of political systems
(C) what is most important in life
(D) requirements for right conduct in general
(E) the right approach to particular ethical issues
12. Value theory is the subdiscipline within ethics that is concerned
with .
(A) the nature of ethical facts
(B) various kinds of political systems
(C) what is most important in life
(D) requirements for right conduct in general
(E) the right approach to particular ethical issues
13. Metaethics is the subdiscipline within ethics that is concerned
with .
(A) the nature of ethical facts
(B) various kinds of political systems
(C) what is most to be valued in life
(D) requirements for right conduct in general
(E) the right approach to particular ethical issues
14. Which of the following questions is a concern of applied ethics?
(A) Is abortion morally justifiable?
(B) Do people’s definitions of happiness differ?
(C) Should acts only be justified by their outcomes?
(D) Is morality purely a subjective matter?
(E) Does the death penalty deter violent crime?
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