Order Philosophy of Religion Discussion

Order Philosophy of Religion Discussion
Order Philosophy of Religion Discussion
1. Which of the following is NOT typically thought of as a characteristic
of the traditional God of monotheism?
(A) Omnipotence
(B) Transcendence of laws of physics
(C) Omniscience
(D) Transcendence of laws of logic
(E) Omnibenevolence
2. The main difference between a theist and a deist could be said to be
that .
(A) a theist believes that God may continue to influence and act
in the universe after having created it, while a deist believes that
God does not intervene in the universe after having created it
(B) a theist believes that God exists within time, while a deist believes
that God exists outside of time
(C) a theist believes that God definitely exists, while a deist only
thinks it probable
(D) a theist believes that God’s existence can be demonstrated
by reason, while a deist believes that God’s existence is purely
a matter of faith
(E) a theist believes that God’s existence is compatible with
unnecessary suffering, while a deist believes that God does
not exist if unnecessary suffering exists
84 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
3. The belief that God is identical with the universe is known as
(A) dualism
(B) deism
(C) mind-body identity
(D) naturalism
(E) pantheism
4. According to , one can talk about God only in terms
of what God is not.
(A) monotheism
(B) deism
(C) negative theology
(D) logical positivism
(E) Christianity
5. The main point of reformed epistemology, as proposed by thinkers such
as Alvin Plantinga and William Alston, is that .
(A) a rational belief in God does not require an inference from other
truths
(B) theism is the only worldview that accounts for the very possibility
of knowledge
(C) belief in God requires justification on independent grounds
(D) disbelief in God occurs because of sin
(E) atheism is the only viable belief system in a post-Darwinian world
6. Which term most accurately describes a person who believes that the
existence or nonexistence of God cannot be known?
(A) Atheist
(B) Skeptic
(C) Naturalist
(D) Scientist
(E) Agnostic
7. Which of the following best describes the meaning of fideism?
(A) It is to deism what atheism is to theism
(B) A version of deism that does not deny the Trinity
(C) The theory that faith is more suited than rationality for arriving
at certain truths
(D) A version of deism that holds that although God does not intervene
in the world, He is still immanent
(E) The theory that faith is not required for justified belief in God
Philosophy of Religion ❮ 85
8. Which of the following statements best describes the logical relation
between theism, atheism, and agnosticism?
(A) They are mutually incompatible.
(B) Atheism is compatible with agnosticism, but not with theism.
(C) Theism is compatible with agnosticism, but not with atheism.
(D) Agnosticism is compatible with both theism and atheism.
(E) They are all compatible.
9. Which of the following options accurately lists the titles of the two
documents, written by W. K. Clifford and William James, respectively,
that are typically thought of as the foundation of subsequent discussions
concerning the “ethics of belief”?
(A) Meditations on First Philosophy and Critique of Pure Reason
(B) Essence of Christianity and The Will to Power
(C) The Will to Power and The Will to Believe
(D) The Ethics of Belief and The Will to Believe
(E) The God Delusion and God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons
Everything
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