Order Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Order Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Order Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
1. Which of the following best describes Locke’s view on the types
of government that are possible?
(A) Six types are possible: monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy,
democracy, and anarchy.
(B) Three types are possible: monarchy, oligarchy, and anarchy,
which is why monarchy is the preferred form of government.
(C) Three types are possible: monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy.
Tyranny, oligarchy, and anarchy are merely defective or unpopular
forms of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy (respectively).
(D) Two types are possible: democracy and anarchy, which is why
democracy is the preferred form of government.
(E) Only one type is possible: monarchy. All other types are merely
forms of anarchy, which is the absence of, rather than a form of,
government.
76 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
302. In his political philosophy, John Locke famously distinguished between
.
(A) divine law and human law
(B) national law and international law
(C) natural law and conventional law
(D) law by consent and law by force
(E) law of the people and law for the people
303. It can be argued that Locke’s Two Treatises distinguishes among four
basic duties. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
(A) A duty to preserve oneself
(B) A duty to preserve others, when this doesn’t conflict with the duty
to preserve oneself
(C) A duty not to destroy others
(D) A duty not to act in a way that conflicts with the happiness of others
(E) A duty not to act in a way that has a tendency to destroy others
304. Locke’s Two Treatises presents a political theory based on .
(A) utilitarianism and divine law
(B) the detailed account of applied politics given in Machiavelli’s
The Prince
Order Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
(C) anarchy and libertarianism
(D) the ideal state described in Plato’s Republic
(E) social contract theory and natural rights theory
305. Which of the following best describes Locke’s views on the relation
between the justification of government and the appeal to the divine
right of kings?
(A) A government can be justified only by an appeal to the divine right
of kings.
(B) The divine right of kings shows that monarchy is always a justified
form of government.
(C) A government can never be justified by an appeal to the divine right
of kings.
(D) The fact that kings do not have divine right shows that monarchy
is never a justified form of government.
(E) A government can sometimes be justified by an appeal to the divine
right of kings.
Political Philosophy ❮ 77
(A) The right to ownership of our own bodies extends to the right
to ownership of the labor of our bodies and the effects of that labor.
(B) God, in His divine wisdom, ensures that property is distributed fairly,
each person receiving what is his due.
(C) If property were only public, then each would lay equal claim
to property, and anarchy would ensue.
(D) Without the possibility of the acquisition of personal property,
there would be no motivation to work.
(E) Individuals may enter into a mutual contract ensuring the right
to private property.
307. Which of the following is NOT one of the political notions argued for
by Locke?
(A) The right of revolution
(B) The right of personal property
(C) The necessity of a social contract to escape the state of nature
(D) The divine right of kings
(E) Equal rights for all individuals
308. In what year was Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan published?
(A) 1596
(B) 1602
(C) 1651
(D) 1748
(E) 1805
Order Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
309. In what year was John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government published?
(A) 1542
(B) 1602
(C) 1648
(D) 1689
(E) 1777
78 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
J. S. Mill and John Rawls
310. Mill’s vision of ethics and politics is mostly based on a specific type
of which general approach to ethics?
(A) Deontology
(B) Virtue ethics
(C) Consequentialism
(D) Divine command theory
(E) Relativism
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