Patient Education About Dietary Suggestion

Patient Education
Dietary Suggestions
I will educate Mrs G to take foods high indietary fiber, such as psyllium. Secondly, I will educate her to use wholemealgrains like oatmeal and brown rice (Rettura etal., 2021). These foods impove gastric motility and prevent indigestionthat potentiates GERD. Third, I will educate her to take vegetables andvegetable proteins associated will fewer GERD symptoms. Lastly, I will educateher to take white and lean meat.
Foodsto Avoid
I will educate Mrs G to avoid fatty, junk foodsand overeating and advice her to take small meals frequently. This is becauseovereating and fatty foods are associated with reducing the pressure at the, thus keeping it open, predisposing the patient toreflux(Retturaet al., 2021). I will also educate the patient to avoid acidic, spicy foods,carbonated and caffeinated drinks. This is because the foods are associatedwith the irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa, thus potentiating the symptomsof GE, such as heartburns(Retturaet al., 2021). Examples of foods to be avoided include onions, lemons, fries,onions, oranges, refined foods, chocolate, mint, coffee, tea, and tomatoes.
Lifestyle Changes
Various lifestyle modifications are needed astherapy in patients with GERD. Depending on her (BMI) I willeducate Mrs G on the importance of weight reduction and maintaining a normalBMI at 18.5 to 24.9 since high BMI is associated with GERD symptoms(., 2021). Second, she will have tosleep with the head of the bed elevated to reduce nighttime heartburns. Third, shewill avoid activities that potentiate reflux, like bending during cooking, laundry,or cleaning. Lastly, I will educate her on the importance of smoking cessationand avoiding alcohol and stress because of their irritation on the gastric mucosa(Rettura et al., 2021). I will also educate her toavoid meals three hours before bedtime to reduce the possibility of reflux.
Barriers and How They Can Be Overcome
Since Mrs G is used to cooking for herfamily, she will face barriers to role changes, cultural expectations, cessationof carbonated drinks, and the taste of foods. Furthermore, She will facedifficulties with food costs and beginning exercises. She can overcome thesebarriers by finding an exercise companion. She can take ofcarbonated drinks (Rettura et al., 2021).She can find a helper with chores that need bending. She can purchase vegetableproteins instead of white meat to minimize costs. She can discuss role and dietchanges and assistance with house chores with her family members.
Reference
Rettura, F., Bronzini, F., Campigotto,M., Lambiase, C., Pancetti, A., Berti, G., Marchi, S., de Bortoli, N., Zerbib,F., Savarino, E., and Bellini, M. (2021). Refractory gastroesophageal refluxdisease: A management update.Frontiers Medicine,8:765061.

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