Structures and Functions of the Gastrointestinal System

Structures and Functions of the Gastrointestinal System
Structures and Functions of the Gastrointestinal System
1. A nurse is teaching a patient about foods that should
be avoided and foods that are acceptable on a lactose-free diet. Which food selected by the patient
reflects an understanding of the teaching?
1. Yogurt
2. Sherbet
3. Fruit salad
4. Rice pudding
An older adult who lives alone is experiencing slow
but steady weight loss over the past year. What
should the nurse encourage the adult to do to
address this concern? Select all that apply.
1 Select nutrient-dense foods.
2 Eat foods high in protein first.
3, __________ Purchase prepared frozen meals.
4,___________ Eat an extra meal before bedtime.
5, ___________ Use bullion powder for added flavor.
A nurse is planning a teaching program about the
medication atorvastatin (Lipitor) for a patient who
has high cholesterol. Which information is important for the nurse to emphasize?
1. Replace oils containing monosaturated fatty acids
with oils containing polyunsaturated fatty acids.
2. Notify the primary health-care provider of muscle
pain, weakness, or fever.
3. Avoid crushing and mixing this medication with
4. Take this medication during a meal or with food.
. A nurse is teaching a patient who is a vegetarian
about what food combinations make a complete
protein. What food combinations should the nurse
include in the teaching? Select all that apply.
1 Lentils and tofu
2 Cereal with milk
3, ___________ Macaroni with cheese
4,__________—~ Back-eyed peas and rice
5, ___________ Black and red bean soup
A nurse teaches a patient how to follow a prescribed
2-g sodium diet. What patient statement indicates
that the patient understands the teaching?
1. “I can use as much salt substitutes as I want to
season my food.”
2. “I must limit my intake of salt to two teaspoons
of table salt daily.”
3. “Iam allowed to drink diet cola because it has less
salt than soda with sugar.”
4, “I should read nutrition facts label for the amount
of sodium that is in prepackaged foods.”
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