The Cold War Era Discussion Questions

The Cold War Era Discussion Questions
The Cold War Era Discussion Questions
1. “The truth of the matter is that Europe’s requirements for the next three
or four years of foreign food and other essential products—principally
from America—are so much greater than her present ability to pay that
she must have substantial additional help or face economic, social, and
political deterioration. . . . It is logical that the United States should do
whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health
in the world without which there can be no political stability and no
assured peace.”
The quotation above reflects the United States policy known as
(A) the Truman Doctrine
(B) the domino theory
(C) containment
(D) the Marshall Plan
(E) détente
The Cold War Era ❮ 109
2. The youth culture of the 1960s that revolved around rock music, liberal
sexuality, and drugs
(A) succeeded in offering a viable alternative to capitalist consumer
culture
(B) was largely embraced by mainstream culture after 1970
(C) lost its appeal among young people after 1970 because it had been
coopted by the mainstream commercial culture
(D) rejected all forms of technology as hampering human development
(E) was unique to the United States
The Cold War Era Discussion Questions
3. All of the following were obstacles to United States influence in the
developing world in the 1950s EXCEPT that
(A) racism in America alienated the people of Asia and Africa
(B) US policy makers viewed neutralism as immoral and the first step
toward Communism
(C) the US was hostile to revolution and often sided with European
imperialists or conservative propertied classes
(D) US politicians tended to believe that all revolutions were Sovietinspired rather than expressions of nationalism, anti-imperialism,
or political instability
(E) capitalism had little appeal for the people of newly independent
nations escaping colonial rule
4. All of the following are associated with the Red Scare in the United States
from 1947 to 1957 EXCEPT
(A) Joseph McCarthy
(B) the McCarran Act
(C) the Palmer Raids
(D) Alger Hiss
(E) the Hollywood 10
6. All of the following are true regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis EXCEPT
that
(A) the United States was upset by the presence of Soviet medium-range
missiles in Cuba
(B) the Soviet Union wanted the United States to remove American
missiles from Turkey
(C) the United States sponsored an invasion by Cuban exiles to remove
the missiles
(D) the Cuban government wanted an American promise to respect
Cuban sovereignty
(E) for a few days, the world seemed poised on the brink of nuclear war
The Cold War Era Discussion Questions
7. The Chinese invaded North Korea and attacked American troops because
(A) the Americans bombed the bridges at Pusan
(B) Douglas MacArthur’s daring amphibious landing at Inchon had
worked perfectly
(C) they believed their army’s performance had improved substantially
since World War II
(D) the Chinese wanted to spread Communism across all of southeastern
Asia
(E) the United States ignored Chinese warnings that United Nations
forces should not threaten the Chinese border
8. The Soviet response to protests in Hungary in 1956 was to
(A) send in Soviet troops and tanks
(B) work out a compromise agreement similar to the one in Poland with
Wladyslaw Gomulka
(C) allow Hungary to govern in its own way
(D) support the protests and call for change at home
(E) encourage loyal Hungarians under Imre Nagy to roll back the reforms
9. The worst nuclear power plant accident as of 2012 occurred at
(A) Fukushima Daiichi (Japan)
(B) Three Mile Island (United States)
(C) Chernobyl (Soviet Union)
(D) SL-1 (Idaho Falls, United States)
(E) Jaslovské Bohunice (Czechoslovakia)
The Cold War Era ❮ 111
10. “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has
descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the
ancient states of central and eastern Europe.”
The author of this quotation was
(A) Franklin Roosevelt
(B) Charles DeGaulle
(C) Joseph Stalin
(D) Winston Churchill
(E) Harry Truman
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