The Condition of the Working Class in England

The Condition of the Working Class in England
The Condition of the Working Class in England
1. Liberalism was likely to win the most support among which of the
following groups?
(A) peasants
(B) factory workers
(C) nobles
(D) bourgeoisie
2. Whose effort with labor unions resulted in the short-lived Grand
National Consolidated Trades Union in 1834?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Friedrich Engels
(C) Robert Owen
(D) Charles Fourier
3. Edwin Chadwick’s Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the
Labouring Population of Great Britain (1842)
(A) led to the creation of the National Board of Health, which
established modern sanitary systems in Great Britain
(B) resulted in the British working class gaining the right to vote
(C) resulted in the creation of the National Health Service and
universal health care
(D) created a minimum wage in Great Britain for the first time in
history
The Condition of the Working Class in England
4. Who of the following was one of the first to grasp the revolutionary
implications of “industrialization” (a word he coined)?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Robert Owen
(C) Charles Fourier
(D) Count Saint Simon
5. Friedrich Engels considered his and Marx’s version of Socialism
“scientific” because
(A) it could be proven through the scientific method
(B) he felt that through the use of dialectical materialism, he could
explain the inevitability of the coming of Socialism
(C) Charles Darwin had come to the same conclusions about the
inevitability of Socialism
(D) none of the above
6. Friedrich Engels’s The Condition of the Working Class in England in
1844
(A) brought attention to the appalling living conditions of the
proletariat
(B) lauded capitalism for raising the standard of living for regular
workers
(C) concluded that capitalist exploitation was necessary for
improving the standard of living of the working class
(D) called for the workers to return to agrarian life
7. What was the significance of the election following the French
Revolution of 1848?
(A) It was the first in Europe to be based on universal male suffrage.
(B) It was the first time women were allowed to vote.
(C) It was the first time a Socialist was elected.
(D) Napoleon Bonaparte’s son was elected as president.
8. England avoided revolution in the 1800s for all of the following
reasons EXCEPT
(A) the government extended voting rights twice in 1832 and 1867
(B) the government enacted labor and industrial reforms to lessen
the pain caused by the Industrial Revolution
(C) there was universal suffrage and an extensive social welfare
system in place to help the poor
(D) the long-standing tradition of parliamentary representation
The Condition of the Working Class in England
9. In his book National System of Political Economy (1841), German
journalist Friedrich List
(A) called for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie by the industrial
proletariat
(B) supported high protective tariffs that would protect newly
formed industries from advanced British ones
(C) believed that rapid population growth would depress wages to
subsistence level
(D) advocated a completely free-market economy in Germany to
compete with the British
10. Which 19th-century British handicraft workers protested against the
Industrial Revolution by smashing machines that they felt put them
out of work?
(A) Fabians
(B) Marxists
(C) wreckers
(D) Luddites
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