The Embodiment Of The Catholic Counter-reformation

The Embodiment Of The Catholic Counter-reformation
The Embodiment Of The Catholic Counter-reformation
1. ________________ has been described as the embodiment of the
Catholic counter-reformation.
(A) The Edict of Nantes
(B) The Peace of Augsburg
(C) The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
(D) The Council of Trent
2. After 1492 the Spanish Inquisition focused on persecuting
(A) Moriscos and Marranos
(B) Huguenots and Puritans
(C) Jews and Muslims
(D) Hussites
3. Persecution and forced conversions of religious minorities in Spain
after 1478 happened under the aegis of the
(A) Muslim rulers
(B) Inquisition
(C) conquistadors
(D) encomienda
4. What was the Catholic Church’s position on indulgences after the
Council of Trent?
(A) Indulgences were recognized as erroneous and abolished.
(B) The practice of offering indulgences was blamed on the
Protestants and, therefore, severely condemned.
(C) The corruption of indulgences was criticized but the principle
was upheld.
(D) The sale of indulgences was justified when a Catholic was
martyred fighting against Muslims.
The Embodiment Of The Catholic Counter-reformation
5. The center of European Calvinism in the 16th century became
(A) Geneva
(B) Lyon
(C) Amsterdam
(D) Wittenberg
6. What was the immediate “spark” that caused Luther to condemn
Catholic practices?
(A) Pope Nicholas II’s banning of marriage for Catholic clergy
(B) a Catholic-inspired pogrom of the Jewish population in Mainz,
Germany
(C) the selling of indulgences as a means to save a soul that was in
purgatory
(D) Luther’s strong opposition to Pope Gregory VII’s opposition to
“Lay Investiture”
7. The immediate cause for the Reformation is found in the activity of
Martin Luther during the years
(A) 1492−1498
(B) 1517−1521
(C) 1545−1563
(D) 1555−1575
8. All of these vocal critics of the Roman Catholic Church were
excommunicated EXCEPT
(A) Knox
(B) Luther
(C) Savonarola
(D) Hus
The Embodiment Of The Catholic Counter-reformation
9. What was Henry VIII’s goal when he broke with the Roman Catholic
Church?
(A) reform Catholic practices
(B) install a new pope that would obey him
(C) become the head of a newly formed Anglican Church
(D) destroy Roman Catholicism and replace it with Lutheranism
10. Which of the following did Martin Luther and King Henry VIII of
England have in common?
(A) Neither wanted to split from the Roman Catholic Church at the
outset of their activities.
(B) Both wanted to raise an army to crush Catholic Spain’s
crusading missions in Europe.
(C) Neither thought that the clergy should marry.
(D) Both believed in the concept of papal supremacy.
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