The Gilded Age and the American West

The Gilded Age and the American West
The Gilded Age and the American West
1. Th e Pendleton Act was created in response to the
(A) Whiskey Ring Scandal
(B) Colfax Massacre
(C) Battle of Wounded Knee
(D) Battle of Little Big Horn
(E) assassination of President Garfi eld
2. Th e Civil Service Commission ended the spoils system by
(A) allowing the president to off er supporters government jobs
(B) requiring anyone applying for a government job to take a competitive
exam
(C) forbidding the government from hiring employees who belonged to
the same party as the president
(D) cutting the number of jobs within the federal government
(E) not hiring people who were acquainted personally with the president
The Gilded Age and the American West
3. Which of the following was not part of the Populist Party’s platform?
(A) Institution of a secret ballot
(B) Adherence to a gold standard
(C) Government ownership of the railroads
(D) Banking reform
(E) A graduated income tax
4. Which of the following transformed the practice of post–Civil War
agriculture?
(A) Th e government ended all homestead acts.
(B) Th e U.S. Treasury moved off the gold standard.
(C) Th e size of the average farm decreased.
(D) Th e use of machinery on farms increased.
(E) Th ere was a lack of open land in the Great Plains.
CHAPTER 12
80 ❯ 500 AP U.S. History Questions to Know by Test Day
The Gilded Age and the American West
5. During the late 19th century, the reduction in price of American
agricultural products led to
(A) farmers facing less of a debt burden
(B) more workers shifting to agricultural work
(C) farmers being compelled to increase production
(D) less land being cultivated
(E) farmers experiencing greater profi t
The Gilded Age and the American West
6. Which of the following factors played the largest role in increasing the
settlement of the Great Plains?
(A) Construction of railroads
(B) Removal of the Great Plains Indians
(C) Increase in foreign demand for agricultural goods
(D) Increase in price of agricultural goods
(E) Extended period of economic infl ation
7. Which of the following statements best describes the condition of western
cattle ranching during the 1880s?
(A) Open-range grazing became standard practice.
(B) Cattle ranching was plagued with natural and man-made obstacles.
(C) Cattle ranching continued to be highly lucrative for small farmers.
(D) Cattle ranching limited the land available for farmers to settle.
(E) Cattle ranching was extremely lucrative for cowboys.
The Gilded Age and the American West
8. During the late 19th century, a “robber baron” would be best defi ned as
(A) a powerful industrialist
(B) the leader of a large criminal organization
(C) a large agricultural landowner
(D) the head of a large political machine
(E) a leader of a large labor union
The Gilded Age and the American West
8. Th e goal of the Sherman Antitrust Act was to
(A) encourage the creation of labor unions
(B) encourage the growth of trusts
(C) create greater fairness in industry
(D) increase tax review on large businesses
(E) allow for the creation of vertical monopolies
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