The Industrial Revolution Discussion Assignment

The Industrial Revolution Discussion Assignment
The Industrial Revolution Discussion Assignment
1. All of the following inventions brought major changes to Britain’s textile
industry in the 18th century EXCEPT
(A) the flying shuttle
(B) the steam-powered loom
(C) the development of the railway
(D) the spinning mule
(E) the water frame
2. Which issue was at the root of business owners’ opposition to government
regulation and the formation of trade unions?
(A) child labor
(B) health benefits
(C) political influence
(D) profits
(E) property rights
56 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 European History Questions
3. The Industrial Revolution began and flourished in Britain long before
it spread to the European continent for all these reasons EXCEPT
(A) no part of the Napoleonic Wars had been fought on British soil
(B) Britain was financially prosperous and politically stable
(C) the British climate was temperate during most of the year
(D) Britain and the United States collaborated on many inventions
(E) Britain was connected by a network of rivers and canals
The Industrial Revolution Discussion Assignment
4. When did the legalization of trade unions in industrialized European
nations begin?
(A) in the mid-18th century
(B) in the late 18th century
(C) in the early 19th century
(D) in the mid-19th century
(E) in the late 19th century
5. Which industry was the mainstay of the British economy both before
and after the Industrial Revolution?
(A) the textile industry
(B) the livestock industry
(C) the agricultural industry
(D) the shipbuilding industry
(E) the mining industry
6. How did industrialization affect the economies of the European nations
in the 19th century?
(A) Expenditure on machinery, roads and railways, and factories created
heavy national debt.
(B) People began buying on credit on a regular basis.
(C) The government saw a sharp rise in revenue from taxes.
(D) Individuals across all social classes saw a substantial rise in their
incomes.
(E) Profits rose because trade regulations were abolished throughout
Europe.
7. Which of the following was the most important factor in a nation’s ability
to industrialize?
(A) its natural resources
(B) its economy
(C) its political relations with neighboring nations
(D) its available population of workers
(E) its proximity to major railroads
The Era of Political and Intellectual Revolution ❮ 57
The Industrial Revolution Discussion Assignment
8. How did the development of the railway system increase the profits
of the manufacturing industry?
(A) by reducing the time and cost of shipping goods
(B) by making passenger travel faster and cheaper
(C) by bringing industrialization to isolated regions
(D) by employing thousands of workers
(E) by making it possible to ship goods at any time of year
9. What was the most important source of power for a European factory
worker in the late 19th century?
(A) the right to vote in national elections
(B) ownership of stock in the company he or she worked for
(C) membership in a trade union
(D) the freedom to rise in a company through merit-based promotion
(E) the right to organize violent public demonstrations against the owners
10. Influential social scientists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill argued
that
(A) when one person’s situation deteriorates, the rest of the community
gains from that person’s losses
(B) when one person’s situation improves, the entire community
is that much better off
(C) each person should always do what appears to be to his or her own
advantage
(D) each person should always do what appears most likely to benefit
others
(E) industrialization was a necessary evil that must be carefully monitored
by the public
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