The reign of Catherine the Great of Russia

The reign of Catherine the Great of Russia
The reign of Catherine the Great of Russia
1. Which of the following kingdoms quickly became especially respected
and feared throughout Europe for its military might?
(A) Austria
(B) Bohemia
(C) Hungary
(D) Poland
(E) Prussia
2. Joseph II’s program of social reform was highly unpopular with which
of the following?
(A) the wealthy merchants
(B) the artisans
(C) the students and intellectuals
(D) the liberals
(E) the conservatives
Absolute Monarchy in Early Modern Europe ❮ 31
32 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 European History Questions
3. The reign of Catherine the Great of Russia oversaw all the following
(A) the reunion of the Old Believers with the mainstream Eastern
Orthodox Church
(B) the securing of Russian access to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles
(C) the social elevation of the nobility in exchange for their virtual
abandonment of political influence
(D) reorganization of the provincial governments in response to a major
peasant rebellion
(E) support for the arts and sciences and higher education, including
women’s education
4. Prussia’s 1772 acquisition of Polish territory on the Baltic, which it named
West Prussia, was important because
(A) it enlarged Prussia to nearly twice its previous size
(B) it gave Prussia a geographical base from which to attack Sweden
(C) it provided Prussia with access to the Baltic Sea
(D) the new land was rich in natural resources that Prussia lacked
(E) it made the kingdom of Prussia into one contiguous land mass
5. From 1640 through the 18th century, the ruling Hohenzollern family took
all the following steps to make Prussia a modern nation-state EXCEPT
(A) building up the army in size, strength, and expertise
(B) pacifying the nobility by giving its most able men responsible
government posts
(C) making the civil service increasingly more efficient
(D) uniting all territories inherited by the family under the king’s control
(E) establishing a strong legislature and working together to write
a national constitution
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