The Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment

The Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment
The Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment
1. Which European nation or province came the closest to a successful
Communist revolution in the wake of the Bolsheviks’ rise to power
in Russia?
(A) Bavaria
(B) Germany
(C) Hungary
(D) Slovakia
(E) Spain
356. Which of the following is NOT one reason why Germany was able
to defy the Versailles treaty and rearm with little opposition?
(A) Other European nations were struggling with their own economic
(B) The fallout from the Great Depression discouraged all nations from
foreign quarrels.
(C) The European powers had agreed to suspend collection of German
(D) The Allied occupation forces had been pulled out of the Rhineland.
(E) Germany had stockpiled massive amounts of arms and ammunition
during the 1920s.
Empire Building and World War ❮ 85
357. As a result of the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, Hungary
(A) lost more than half its territory and its people
(B) received substantial financial reparations from Germany
(C) agreed to maintain only a token army for defense in future
(D) accepted the ruling authority of the League of Nations
(E) recovered territory that had previously been annexed by Russia
The Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment
8. Despite the rise of an authoritarian military regime in the late 1920s,
all of the following continued to characterize Poland EXCEPT
(A) the right to organize political parties
(B) the right to form trade unions
(C) freedom of religious worship
(D) a free-market economy
(E) relative freedom of the press, with very limited censorship
359. All these factors helped Fascism to succeed in Italy in 1920–1921 EXCEPT
(A) division and disagreement between Socialist leaders and workers
(B) the loss of Italian territory during the peace settlements at Versailles
(C) government concessions to Socialist demands
(D) a wave of widespread strikes, riots, and looting
(E) soaring inflation and high unemployment
360. The strategy of autarky, adopted with varying success by a number
of totalitarian states in the pre–World War II era, is defined as
(A) political isolationism
(B) one-party rule
(C) censorship of the arts and the press
(D) territorial imperialism
(E) economic self-sufficiency
361. How did Hitler overcome disagreements between the radical and
conservative wings of the Nazi Party in its first year of power?
(A) He investigated which of the two would be more likely to keep
the support of the German voters.
(B) He had many of the radical leaders murdered by the SS (the Nazi
Party’s rogue militia).
(C) He held a series of meetings in which the two sides worked out their
(D) He forced the radical Nazis to conform to the conservative platform.
(E) He forced the conservative Nazis to conform to the radical platform.
86 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 European History Questions
362. Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss imposed authoritarian rule on Austria
in 1933 to stave off the perceived threat of
(A) the Nazis
(B) the Christian Socials
(C) the Social Democrats
(D) the German Nationalists
(E) the Catholic Church
The Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment
3. Which factor did NOT contribute to the failure of Fascist rule in 1930s
(A) the lack of a single charismatic Fascist leader
(B) the strong French alliance with Britain
(C) the relative stability of the French economy
(D) the strong French tradition of republican government
(E) the lack of a perceived threat from the workers and the extreme
political left
364. The young men who made up the committed core of the early Fascist
squads in Italy were drawn from the ranks of all of the following EXCEPT
(A) World War I veterans
(B) civil servants
(C) middle-class merchants, shopkeepers, and small business owners
(D) daily wage laborers
(E) tenant farmers and small independent farmers
365. When Hitler first took power in 1933, Nazi Party members and
sympathizers were generally agreed on all the following goals EXCEPT
(A) an end to domestic strife between social classes and political parties
(B) the severe suppression or elimination of Communism in Germany
(C) the elimination of religion in German society
(D) the recovery of Germany’s status as a great European power
(E) a commitment to aggressive German nationalism
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