The Role of Institutions in Enacting Policy

The Role of Institutions in Enacting Policy
The Role of Institutions in Enacting Policy
1. Elected officials in the legislative and executive branches delegate authority
to the bureaucracy to
(A) increase efficient delivery of services to the public
(B) avoid the responsibility of poor bureaucratic action
(C) formulate public policy
(D) address the myriad citizen demands made on the government
(E) offset judicial rulings that may affect legislation
2. The threefold problem with delegation in controlling the bureaucracy
comprises bureaucratic expertise, multiple reporting structure, and
(A) political turnover
(B) public opinion
(C) judicial review
(D) bureaucratic competition
(E) incompatible public policy
3. The information problems associated with bureaucracy are complexity of
information and
(A) executive branch interference
(B) changing public opinion
(C) the preference of bureaucratic agencies
(D) congressional oversight
(E) the proliferation of interest groups
500 AP U.S. Government and Politics Questions to Know by Test Day
The Role of Institutions in Enacting Policy
4. Most bills that reach the floor for debate in Congress are not controversial
(A) they represent the clear preferences of the American people
(B) the party in control handles the wording of most of the bills
(C) the committee system allows for the avoidance of controversial
(D) there is little difference between the two major parties in practice
(E) many bills involve the renewal or revision of existing programs and
previous legislation
5. Congressional committees allow politicians to pursue all three activities
that help reelection bids: advertising, credit claiming, and
(A) position taking
(B) bureaucratic management
(C) public policy formation
(D) oversight
(E) media exposure
6. Taking clear positions on committees allows politicians to
(A) control bureaucracies
(B) keep the executive branch in check
(C) create legislation that will pass judicial muster
(D) associate themselves with popular policy or distance themselves from
unpopular policy
(E) All of the above
8. Reducing the size of congressional committees is difficult to accomplish because
(A) a smaller committee means fewer officials doing the same amount of
(B) there is less chance for officials to claim credit for successful programs
(C) the primary goal for politicians on committees is to deliver benefits to
their constituencies
(D) it threatens the unity of the party in power
(E) All of the above
9. Committee representation reflecting the membership depends on
(A) the party in power
(B) the party leadership’s control of the committee process (C) the reach of the committee
(D) the issues the committee considers
(E) the bureaucracies the committee oversees
10. House leadership has more control over committee output than the Senate
due to the
(A) standing committees
(B) subcommittees
(C) Rules Committee
(D) Ethics Committee
(E) Ways and Means Committee
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