The Scope Of Pathophysiology Introduction

Pathophysiology
Introduction
Understanding a disease and diseaseprocess requires the knowledge of the body’s normal anatomy and physiologicalprocesses. The advent of technology has led to newer ways of diagnosingdiseases. Nonetheless, incorporating complete history taking and physicalexamination still forms the basis of diagnosing diseases. With all thesecombined, better diagnosis and management of diseases are assured, leading togood patient outcomes. This essay will discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosticprinciples, and the role of inflammation and healing.
Scopeof Pathophysiology
How with Cardiac Recovery and Function
The respiratory and cardiovascular systemsare interlinked both anatomically and functionally (Kochhar, et al.,2019). Whereasthe function of the cardiovascular system is to supply blood to the body parts,the respiratory system ensures the supplied blood is oxygenated. Poorventilation affects the oxygenation of blood. When body cells, includingmyocytes, are exposed to hypoxia through neural and hormonal mechanisms, thebody compensates for tissue hypoxia through various mechanisms. Among thesemechanisms is the increased cardiac output which increases the workload in anailing heart.
Additionally, Impaired ventilationaffects cardiovascular function by increasing lung volume hence increasingmetabolic demands that require compensation by the heart. Recovering cardiacdiseases requires a decreased cardiac workload and (Kochhar,et al.,2019). Normal cardiac functioning requires proper ventilation, withoutwhich the heart compensates by increasing the heart rate detrimental to anailing heart.
Treatment of cardiac disease ismultidimensional. It requires a combination of pharmacologic, surgical,nutritional, lifestyle modification, counselling, and physiotherapyinterventions. Medications, pulmonary rehabilitation, and any other activityaimed to improve ventilation, in turn, improve cardiac function and enhancerecovery. Strategies required to improve recovery include patient education on thecompliance of medication. It is also important that the patient be linked withsupport groups. Research shows that rehabilitation programs increase drugcompliance, reduce morbidity and better patient outcomes (Epstein, etal.,2020). Patient awareness is the key strategy for the success of otherinterventions.
Interprofessional collaboration is keyin patients care. Surgeons, physicians, cardiologists, nurses, nutritionists, pharmacists,social workers, and physiotherapists enhance patient outcomes (Epstein, etal.,2020). The nurse monitors the patient and provides individualized healthpromotion through health education and awareness. A cardiologist is responsiblefor routine follow up and care of the patient. Radiologists aid in theinterpretation of imaging results and communicating with the physicians.General surgeons function to intervene in cases of exploratory surgeries.Pharmacists are important in providing and to thepatient. The physiotherapist provides chest therapy rehabilitation. Thenutritionist is essential for nutritional counselling for a patient withcardiac disease. A multidisciplinary approach is vital for a good prognosis

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