Vindication of the Rights of Women Discussion

Vindication of the Rights of Women Discussion
Vindication of the Rights of Women Discussion
1. Which of the following Petrine reforms exemplifies the consolidation
of absolute rule in Russia in the 18th century?
(A) the creation of the Table of Ranks whereby all material and
social advantages of the nobility depended on serving the crown
(B) the construction of St. Petersburg and the order to all
landowners possessing more than 40 serf households to build a
house in the new capital
(C) the abolition of the position of patriarch of the Russian
Orthodox Church and its replacement with the Holy Synod and
Procurator
(D) all of the above
2. How did the Time of Troubles affect absolutism in Russia?
(A) This period had the effect of strengthening Polish absolutism
when King Wladislaw declared himself czar.
(B) The chaos of the period convinced most Russians that
absolutism was necessary to keep order and stability and to
protect the country from foreign intervention.
(C) The Times of Troubles convinced Russians that their monarchs
needed to have their power limited by a written constitution.
(D) Hereditary monarchy was abolished as a result of the Times of
Troubles.
Vindication of the Rights of Women Discussion
3. Among the principal characteristics of 17th- and 18th-century
absolutist states were all the following EXCEPT
(A) politically powerful monarchs
(B) large standing armies
(C) written constitutions
(D) strong centralized bureaucracies
4. The Tennis Court Oath, taken by the members of the new National
Assembly at Versailles in 1789,
(A) avowed loyalty to absolutism
(B) defied royal absolutism by committing to a constitution
(C) was taken only by the clergy
(D) proposed the institution of state terror
5. Which of the following philosophers emphasized the separation of
power in government?
(A) Hobbes
(B) Rousseau
(C) Montesquieu
(D) Kant
6. What type of government did Voltaire favor?
(A) a representative democratic system where all classes, men and
women, were allowed to vote
(B) an absolute monarchy ruling according to divine right that
maintained order, stability, and prosperity in the country
(C) an enlightened despotism that secured freedom of religion and
expression, kept the church in a subordinate position, and
advanced the cause of material and technical progress
(D) a direct democracy where all citizens would take part in all the
decision-making functions of government
7. In Rousseau’s The Social Contract, the contract was between the
(A) government and the people
(B) church and the people
(C) people themselves
(D) nobles and the bourgeoisie
Vindication of the Rights of Women Discussion
8. John Locke is most famous for advancing the concept of
(A) a heliocentric concept of the universe
(B) universal suffrage and a modern welfare state
(C) all people having natural rights based on life, liberty, and
property
(D) economic justice for all
9. ________________ has often been called the “father of rationalism.”
(A) Descartes
(B) Hobbes
(C) Voltaire
(D) Kant
10. Which of the following called for equal rights for women in her book
Vindication of the Rights of Woman?
(A) Maria Theresa
(B) Mary Wollstonecraft
(C) Mary Astell
(D) Mary Shelley
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